What is an Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV)?

An automated guided vehicle (AGV) is a type of materials handling equipment that is used to automate the movement and transportation of goods, materials, or products within a warehouse, distribution center, or manufacturing facility. Here are the key points about automated guided vehicles:

Definition: AGVs are driverless, computer-controlled mobile robots that follow designated pathways or tracks to move loads from one location to another. They are programmed to move materials without human operators.

How they work: AGVs use sensors, lasers, cameras, or magnetic guidance systems to navigate predetermined routes. They are equipped with mechanisms to lift, lower and transport payloads, such as forks, grippers or carts.

Key features:

  • Automated, driverless operation without human intervention
  • Ability to move loads safely and efficiently within a facility
  • Flexible programming to adapt to changing workflows and layouts
  • Increased productivity, accuracy and safety compared to manual material handling

Applications: AGVs are commonly used in warehouses, distribution centers, manufacturing plants and other industrial settings to automate the movement of:

  • Raw materials
  • Work-in-process
  • Finished goods
  • Pallets, totes, or containers

Benefits: The use of AGVs can provide benefits like reduced labor costs, improved inventory accuracy, enhanced workflow efficiency, and greater workplace safety by removing the need for human-operated forklifts or carts.

Automated guided vehicles represent a key automation technology that is transforming materials handling and logistics operations in many industries. They enable facilities to streamline workflows and boost productivity.

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